Some very interesting data:
Just What is Icewine?
The Okanagan wine grape harvest is completed for 2017 and the grapes have been crushed to extract the juice soon to undergo fermentation. But not all grapes are harvested. Some are left on the vine to produce world-famous BC Icewine, a very sweet ‘dessert-style’ table wine.
As we mention in Chapter 21 of our book, icewine is a special category of BC VQA and its production is highly regulated in BC in order to protect the integrity of the process and the “Icewine” term. Wineries must be registered with the BC Wine Authority and meet the following requirements before being able to market their Icewine:
If you don’t mind being on call to work in the dark at temperatures below -8° C, then you are invited to leave your contact information with an icewine winery before November. According to a local vineyard manager, the vineyards need many pickers in short order to pick as much of the fall harvest left for icewine production as quickly as possible while the temperature is below -8°C. To add to the work load, bird netting must be removed just before the grapes are picked.
How should you drink Icewine? It should be chilled like any dessert wine (about 5-7°C), and served in 60 mL portions because it is so sweet. The dessert should be less sweet than the Icewine, so best to avoid pairing with cakes and chocolates in favour of strong cheeses, fruits and nuts.
As for spoilage, you don’t have to drink Icewine right away. It can be stored up to 10 years or longer, depending on your patience!
movingtokelowna.net blog HGP 10-22-17
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
Unique Fundraising Partnership Produces Results!
Kelowna, BC – September 22, 2017
The Central Okanagan Food Bank Receives $1200.00 Donation . . . so far . . .
“The authors of the book Moving To Kelowna, BC – A No-Nonsense Guide are donating $2.00 from each of their books sold to the COFB” says Lenetta Parry, COFB Executive Director. “The cool thing about this support is that it is ongoing, and in only 4 months we have already received $1200.00!”
Authors Tim Young and Hugh Philip are already planning their 2nd Edition for distribution in March, 2018.
“I am pleased that Tim & Hugh have chosen the COFB for another year of support, and I hope people will consider buying a copy. It’s a great way to not only encourage people to move to the Central Okanagan, but also to support the needy of our area at the same time”, explains Parry.
Along with the valuable information provided for potential and recent newcomers, this publication includes a list of highly recommended Kelowna business owners who have agreed to offer a discount to people who purchase this book.
The 218-page, 40-chapter print book has over 80 tables, maps and illustrations, and sells for only $14.95. Check out more information at www.movingtokelowna.net.
Lenetta (250) 763-7161
Tim (250) 859-1485
Hugh (250) 863-4762
-END OF NEWS RELEASE
In our book, Moving to Kelowna, BC – A No-Nonsense Guide, we selected the presence of urbanized deer as one of nine challenges to living in Kelowna.
Recently a petition was circulated in a neighbourhood where urban deer populations were considered too high by some residents. Subsequent letters to the editors of the local newspapers about the petition revealed that there is very strong opinion on if and how anything should be done about the increasing abundance of deer.
Hugh decided it was time to inform people about the potential risks associated with overabundant urbanized deer so they can take appropriate actions to mitigate the risks, whether individually or collectively.
The following is his letter to the editor of the August 25th edition of the Kelowna Daily Courier. The editor entitled the letter, Deer Are a Lethal Threat.
To the Editor:
The increasing prevalence of urbanized deer throughout the city of Kelowna (and other towns and cities in BC) is generating a great deal of controversy with respect to the need to manage their abundance. Without natural predators (cougar, coyotes, bears, bobcats and wolves) and with a year-round food supply, urban deer populations are exploding and will continue to do so.
Affected residents are certainly familiar with the damage deer inflict throughout the year to food and ornamental plants, and the subsequent costs to protect, and in some cases replace, the plants with less favoured varieties (to both owner and deer).
However, the overabundance of deer can have much more serious impacts on citizens, and it is these potential impacts that I wish to draw to the attention of your readers.
Deer are hosts of the Rocky Mountain wood tick, females of which can cause ‘tick paralysis’ in children and dogs (among other victims) which can be fatal if the tick is not removed in time. Deer migrating into Kelowna can bring the tick into the city where it can be eventually transferred to and distributed by urban deer. Parents and dog owners will have to be vigilant for attached ticks in the spring to prevent the onset of tick paralysis.
Many residents report that their yards look like a deer feedlot in the spring due to the accumulation of deer droppings over the winter. Deer droppings carry E. coli, some strains of which can cause serious intestinal illness in people.
The increasing prevalence of deer and their droppings will increase the risk of E. coli transmission to people, especially to gardeners and to young children playing on contaminated lawns.
One of the reasons deer like urban environments is the freedom from their natural predators, especially cougars and coyotes. High urban deer populations could attract more predators, increasing the risk of contact between predators and people and their pets, often with unpleasant consequences on both sides.
Anyone who has driven BC highways is aware of the threat of deer suddenly bolting across the highway, especially in the early morning and evenings. Urban deer-vehicle collisions are on the rise according to the BC government. These accidents are not only costly to the ICBC and but also to injured vehicle occupants and cyclists.
Nursing does are very protective of their fawn(s) and will not hesitate to attack any person or dog they see as a threat to their young. Videos have circulated on the internet showing dogs being attacked by does. I recall hearing about a dog-owner in Kelowna having to wave down a passing vehicle so she and her dog could escape from an aggressive doe.
I hope this brief description of the potential impacts of overabundant urbanized deer on the health and safety of citizens gives useful food for thought and informed decision-making.
Hugh Philip, Kelowna
movingtokelowna.net blog HGP 8-25-17
We authors are relatively comfortable in offering our insights and opinions on this topic as we have owned and operated quite a number of businesses in Kelowna over the last twenty-five years. These included ventures in the retail, wholesale, manufacturing, real estate and the consulting industries. Based upon this practical and hands-on experience, we would like to offer our entrepreneurial readers a few points of advice.
Women’s Enterprise Center
Small Business BC
Consider picking up a copy of How Much Money Can I Make? Proven Strategies for Starting, Managing and Exiting a Canadian Small Business by Tim Young. Yes this is a shameless plug, but it does cover eight businesses that were operated in the Kelowna market, so it is quite relevant for those thinking of starting or buying a business here.In closing, one only has to take a walk downtown to feel the buzz. New buildings are going up to accommodate more and more businesses and the employees who work there want to be close to their workplace, shopping, nightlife and the waterfront. The energy is present and the next few years will definitely be an exciting time for the business growth of the millennial generation in Kelowna.
movingtokelowna.net Blog 8-25-17 TNY
According to Statistics Canada’s recently released 2016 Police –Reported Crime Statistics, Kelowna remains near the top of the list for 2 of 3 crime measurement categories. This article updates some of the data presented in Chapter 15 – Will My Family Be Safe? - in order that you can evaluate if Kelowna policing services have progressed in keeping citizens safer over the past year.
The Police – Reported Crime Statistics report (http://www.statcan.gc.ca/daily-quotidien/ 170724/dq170724b-eng.htm) contains much useful and interesting information on the prevalence and severity of crime in all its different forms among provinces, territories and municipalities.
The following table summarizes the statistics provided to Statistics Canada by municipal police departments across Canada. But first, let’s define the column titles.
· Crime rate measures the volume of crime reported to police per 100,000 population.
· Crime Severity Index (CSI) measures both the volume and seriousness of reported crime incidences and has a base index of 100 for 2006.
· Violent Severity Crime Index (VCSI) measure those violations in the Criminal Code identified as crimes against the person.
Census 2016 % Change Crime Violent Crime
Metropolitan Area Crime Rate 2006-2016 Severity Index Severity Index
Regina 9253 -25 125.8 124
Saskatoon 8942 -26 117.8 114
Edmonton 8131 -16 105.7 102
Winnipeg 6653 -40 103.9 150
Kelowna 8445 -27 100.3 63
Vancouver 7282 -28 94.3 73
Thunder Bay 6259 -29 85.9 126
St. John’s NL 5721 -15 79.2 89
Calgary 5260 -20 74.6 61
Canada 5224 -28 71.0 75
Victoria 5689 -42 63.8 57
Halifax 4663 -46 61.0 77
Montreal 3389 -44 57.8 73
Kingston 4743 -27 55.2 38
Guelph 4496 1 54.6 49
Ottawa 3492 -37 51.3 62
Toronto 2954 -34 47.5 70
Quebec 3000 -36 45.2 51
Source: Statistics Canada, Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics, Uniform Crime Reporting Survey, 2016.
Kelowna dropped from 2nd to 3rd place in the category of Crime Rate, and from 4th to 5th position for the Crime Severity Index. The Crime Rate in Kelowna has dropped 27% between 2006 and 2016 matching the national average decrease. There were 14% fewer violent crimes reported in 2016 compared to 2015 in Kelowna, however property-related crimes increased 6% in 2016.
These rankings appear to make Kelowna one of the leading crime-prone municipalities in Canada. However, when you look at the Violent Crime Severity Index, Kelowna is not in the top 10. What this means is that the higher Crime Rate is due mainly to non-violent criminal activities, and according to Kelowna RCMP, those involve drug sales/possession, thefts from cars (usually unlocked!!) and thefts of bicycles.
The Kelowna RCMP reported to City Council in May 2017, that the number of criminal code infractions from January to March 2017, were similar to 2015 values, over the same reporting period.
Of the 22 cities with populations between 100,000 and 200,000 reported by Statistics Canada, the average number of serving police officers was 143 per 100,000 population. Kelowna compares somewhat favourably (138 officers, 3.5% less) with these similar-sized cities but has room to grow to achieve the national average of 190 officers per 100,000 (27% less).
The Kelowna RCMP detachment moved into its new $48 million digs in June, vacating its old detachment building built in 1962. The new headquarters features modern standards for functions such as evidence, identification, forensics, records, laboratory, cell block, and upgraded underground infrastructure.
MTK Blog HGP 8/17
Chapter 23, ‘Green Thumbs Up’, describes not only the great opportunities for growing a wide variety of food and ornamental plants in Kelowna, but also some of the challenges such as low summer rainfall and high temperatures.
If you are thinking of moving to Kelowna, please remember that insects are both a blessing and a curse to gardeners who must be ever vigilant for their presence for the bad ones in order to minimize damage to garden plants. More and more gardeners are seeking alternative control options to synthetic pesticides. In this article co-author Hugh Philip offers some guidance on combining the concept of integrated pest management (IPM) and organic methods of protecting plants.
OUTSTANDING GARDENERS ARE THOSE OUT STANDING
IN THEIR GARDENS
BEST GARDENING PRACTICES
1. CERTIFIED SEED - Use seed from certified sources (disease-free)
2. CLEAN COMPOST - Use clean, well-composted mulch, soil amendments to enrich soil, improve moisture holding and texture.
3. SANITATION – rogue diseased/damaged plants and plant parts, remove all vegetable matter at harvest (above and below ground); remove plant debris from around and within plots.
4. ROTATION – do not grow same crop in same plot in successive years; consider planting non-host crops in alternate years.
5. OBSERVATION – inspect garden weekly for plant health problems and take immediate action to correct using appropriate remediation measures.
6. WATER AND NUTRIENT MANAGEMENT - Do not over water or over fertilize.
7. KEEP RECORDS – plant varieties, planting dates and harvest, what and when control actions taken, rates or frequency, compost application rates, etc.
INTEGRATED PEST AND DISEASE MANAGEMENT PRACTICES
a. Avoid introduction of pests/diseases (infested plants, soil, tools, footwear, equipment, seed, poorly prepared comport, etc).
b. Do not create conditions suitable for pests/diseases (overwatering, untimely watering, continuous cropping of same crop, crop debris, weeds, etc.).
c. Use disease-tolerant or resistant varieties.
d. Healthy plants can withstand greater pest pressure and suffer less injury.
2. ACCURATE IDENTIFICATION OF PROBLEM
a. Incorrect diagnosis = incorrect solution = greater problem.
b. Know thine enemy – collect and share information from reliable sources.
c. Most garden centres provide plant health diagnostic services.
3. MONITORING – pest population and damage assessment.
a. Determine if and when pests and diseases need control during the growing season.
b. Aids in detection of new pests and diseases which should be reported to authorities.
c. Detection of other plant health problems.
4. USE OF ACTION THRESHOLDS
a. Does the pest level or damage warrant control action?
b. Try to establish tolerance levels as guidelines.
c. Thresholds can vary for same pests depending on crop and variety tolerance, development stage, weather conditions, plant vigor.
5. CONTROL ACTIONS
a. Encourage parasitoids with favoured flowering plants – dill, buckwheat, coneflower, alyssum, etc.
b. Physical control – Reemay cloth, plant collars, mulches, ditches, fences/screens, hand-picking/squashing.
c. Cultural control – preventative practices, sanitation, repellent plants.
d. Behavioural control – baited traps, yellow sticky traps, U/V light traps.
e. Chemical control – coppers, sulphur, soaps, potassium bicarbonate, ferric phosphate (slugs).
a. What went right and wrong, why, and how to repeat success and avoid problems.
b. Seek information from reliable sources.
Successful application of integrated pest management practices and products is only possible through the involvement of ALL gardeners at a garden site or in a neighbourhood. Plant insects and diseases do not recognize boundaries!
CONTROL OF SOME COMMON GARDEN PESTS
In this section, Hugh provides a brief description of the host plants, life cycle, some organic control options, and finally, a web site where to find more information on the pest.
1. Colorado potato beetle
a) Hosts – potato, eggplant, tomato, pepper, weeds (mullein, thistle).
b) Life cycle – Adults overwinter (O/W) 30-40 cm in soil outside garden; emerge in spring, walk to garden to feed, mate, lay eggs; new adults can fly.
c) Control –
· Plastic lined ditch or eaves trough around patch
· Floating row covers before adults appear
· Hand-picking adults in spring, squashing eggs & larvae
d) More information – en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colorado_potato_beetle
a) Hosts – cole crops, ornamental trees and shrubs, herbs.
b) Life cycle – O/W eggs hatch and winged adults fly to summer hosts; live births for several summer generations; mate in fall and lay O/W eggs on alternate hosts.
c) Control –
· Do not over fertilize plants
· Encourage biological control agents– many parasites (minute wasps) and predators (ladybugs, lacewings, hover flies) feed on aphids
· Attract parasitic wasps using flowering plants such as dill, yarrow, caraway, fennel, coriander, statice and more
· Soap and water sprays may help but repeat when pests reappear
d) More information – en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aphid
3. Root maggots
a) Hosts – onion, turnip, radish, carrot, cabbage.
b) Life cycle – O/W as pupae in garden soil; adults lay eggs around base of plants; 1-3 generations/ season.
c) Control –
· Apply floating row covers once plants emerge or at transplanting – only to noninfested plots
· Plant collars (tar paper)
· Used coffee grounds or egg shells placed around base of plants have shown some success
· Plant as early as possible to have stronger seedlings when flies appear
· Or plant after first adult generation
d) More information –www.extension.umn.edu/garden/insects/find/root-maggots-in-home-gardens/
4. White grubs (larvae of June beetles)
a) Hosts – roots of grasses and root crops.
b) Life cycle – 2-year larval life span; O/W as larvae and adults in soil; one generation/year.
c) Control –
· Avoid planting into virgin soil for one year
· Do not plant within 1 m of grassy margins
· Deep till and remove larvae and adults in spring
d) More information – ento.psu.edu/extension/factsheets/white-grubs-lawns
a) Hosts – seeds, seedling roots.
b) Life cycle – 2- to 7-year larval life span; O/W as larvae; one adult generation/ year.
c) Control –
· Same as for white grubs
· Bury oatmeal patties or carrots 5 – 10 cm in soil to collect larvae weekly
d) More information - www.omafra.gov.on.ca/english/crops/facts/00-047.htm
a) Hosts – above and below ground damage to seedlings and growing plants.
b) Life cycle - O/W in all stages; 1-3 generations/year, depending on species.
c) Control –
· Hand pick larvae in soil (2-5 cm) near dying/dead plants.
· Maintain weed-free planted and fallow garden plots
· Attract parasitic wasps using flowering plants such as dill, yarrow, caraway, fennel, coriander, statice and more.
d) More information –www.extension.umn.edu/garden/insects/find/cutworms-in-home-gardens/
a) Hosts – eggplant, pepper, sweet potato, tomato, chickweed.
b) Life cycle – O/W adults on indoor and some outdoor plants; several generation/year.
c) Control –
· Floating row covers
· Remove field bindweed, chickweed and other low-growing perennial plants on which adult O/W
· Soap sprays shown mixed results
· Biological control (parasitic wasp)
d) More information – extension.colostate.edu/topic-areas/insects/greenhouse-whitefly-5-587/
8. Codling moth
a) Hosts – apple, pear, crabapple, quince, peach, walnut.
b) Life cycle – O/W as larvae on host; 2-3 generations/year.
c) Control –
· Prune tree to suitable height and density for inspecting fruit for damage
· Thin fruit to singles
· Seek and destroy infested fruit
· Cardboard bands applied in mid-June, replace mid-July, and destroy after Sept.
d) More information - www.oksir.org/ (Okanagan-Kootenay Sterile Insect Control Program)